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A Guide to Keeping Keys Offline Using Armory +rPi

Hi Redditors.
I am going to post in this thread my experiences in getting my Desktop (Debian) machine running Armory in watch-only mode, and coupling that with an offline Raspberry Pi (which holds my private keys) for signing the transactions previously made in watch-only mode.
I actually compiled Armory from source directly on my Pi. This guide is probably more for the bitcoin 'power user', as to run Armory online, and broadcast the signed transactions, you need to have a bitcoin full node running (bitcoind).
Basic requirements:
Aimed-for Setup:
I'll post the guide in digestible sections...

Section 1

I should begin by saying I installed source code from git, and got Armory to build the DB on my desktop initially, WITHOUT creating a wallet.. (This allowed me to debug what was going on a little!)
Go to Bitcoin.org, select Armory..
It leads to a Download from Git:
https://github.com/goatpig/BitcoinArmory/releases
Followed the procedure for Linux Debian verify code, compile, install, all straight-forward..
Began by running bitcoind, and telling Armory where to find it. This is the command I used, obviously it was all on one line and didn't include the arrows/explanations!:
python ArmoryQt.py \ --satoshi-datadir=/BlockChain/chain20180414/blocks \ # <-----(where my bitcoind blocks live) --datadir=/ArmoryDataDi \ # <-----(this is instead of ~/.armory) --dbdir=/ArmoryDataDidatabases # <-------(again, non std. place used for Armory's databases.. my choice.) 
So, on the Desktop, after the initial "build databases"
(NB the initial "Build Databases" took about 1.5h and my two CPUs were maxed the whole time, Temps up to 62C. Not ideal; Im not in a rush!)
I then wanted to import a watch-only wallet.
Before I did this, I took a full backup of the Armory data dir:
/ArmoryDataDi
(or ~/.armory in a default installation).
I'd hate to have to make Armory do another full sync with the bitcoind node!

Section 2

Next step: offline wallet (with Private Keys) is on a Raspberry Pi.
I downloaded the source and managed to compile it on the pi itself! :)
Though there were some gymnastics needed to setup the Pi.
My Pi is running Raspbian based on Wheezy.. quite old!
I did the following on the Pi:
apt-get update apt-get upgrade (<---took about an hour!) apt-get install autotools-dev apt-get install autoconf 
Then I followed the instructions exactly as I had done for my Debian Desktop machine, EXCEPT:
I had to increase the Pi's swap space. I upped it from 100Mb to 400Mb.
The compilation took 7 hours, and my poor SD card got a thrashing.
But after compilation, I put the Swap back to 100Mb and Armory runs ok with about 150Mb of memory (no swap needed).
Swap increase on the Pi:
use your favourite editor, and open the file /etc/dphys-swapfile
add/change the following line:
CONF_SWAPSIZE=400 
Then, REBOOT the Pi:
sudo shutdown -h -P now 
Once the compilation was done on the Pi, put the swap back, rebooted and created an Armory wallet.
I added manual entropy and upped the encryption 'time' from 250ms to 2500ms - since the Pi is slow, but I'll be happy to wait for more iterations in the Key Derivation Function.
Once the wallet was created, it obviously prompts you for backup.
I want to add a private key of my own (i.e. import), so don't do the backup until this is over.
I import my Private Key, and Armory checks that this corresponds to a Public Key, which I check is correct.
This is the point now where the Pi storage medium (e.g an SD card) has to be properly destroyed if you ever get rid of it.
I had thought that now would be a good time to decide if your new wallet will generate Segwit receiving addresses, and also addresses used to receive 'change' after a transaction..
But it seems Armory WON'T let you switch to P2SH-P2WPKH unless your Armory is connected to a node offering "WITNESS" service.
Obviously, my Pi is offline and will never connect to a node, so the following will not work on the Pi:
NB: I thought about setting this on the Debian "watch-only" wallet, but that would surely mean doom, as the Pi would not know about those addresses and backups might not keep them.. who knows...
So, end result:- no segwit for me just yet in my offline funds.

--If anyone can offer a solution to this, I'd be very grateful--

Section 3

Ok, now this is a good point to back up your wallet on the Pi. It has your imported keys. I choose a Digital Backup - and put it on a USB key, which will never touch the internet and will be stored off-site. I also chose to encrypt it, because I'm good with passwords..
NB: The Armory paper backup will NOT back up your imported private keys, so keep those somewhere if you're not sweeping them. It would be prudent to have an Armory paper backup anyway, but remember it will likely NOT help you with that imported key.
Now for the watch-only copy of the wallet. I want to get the "watch-only" version onto my Desktop Debian machine.
On the Pi, I created (exported to a USB key) a "watching-only" copy of my wallet.
I would use the RECOMMENDED approach, export the "Entire Wallet File".
As you will see below, I initially exported only the ROOT data, which will NOT capture the watching-only part of the Private Key I entered manually above (i.e. the public Key!).
Now, back on the Debian Desktop machine...
I stopped all my crontab jobs; just give Armory uninterrupted CPU/memory/disk...
I also stopped bitcoind and made a backup prior to any watch-only wallet being imported.
I already made a backup of Armory on my Desktop, before any wallet import.
(this was needed, as I made a mistake.. see below)
So on the Debian Desktop machine, I begin by firing up bitcoind.
my command for this is:
./bitcoind -daemon -datadir=/BlockChain/chain20180414 -dbcache=400 -maxmempool=400 

Section 4

I try running Armory like this:
(I'm actually starting Armory from a script - StartArm.sh)
Inside the script StartArm.sh, it has the line:
python ArmoryQt.py --ram-usage=4 --satoshi-datadir=/BlockChain/chain20180414/blocks --datadir=/ArmoryDataDi --dbdir=/ArmoryDataDidatabases 
I know from bitter experience that doing a scan over the blockchain for a new wallet takes a looong time and a lot of CPU, and I'd like it to play nicely; not gobble all the memory and swap and run my 2xCPUs both at 100% for four hours...
So... I aim to run with --ram-usage=X and --thread-count=X
(For me in the end, X=1 but I began with X=4)
I began with --ram-usage=4 (<--- = 4x128Mb)
The result is below...
TypeError: cannot concatenate 'str' and 'int' objects 
It didn't recognise the ram-usage and carried on, crippling my Debian desktop PC.
This is where it gets dangerous; Armory can gobble so much memory and CPU that the windowing environment can cease up, and it can take over 30 minutes just to exit nicely from bitcoind and ArmoryDB.
So, I ssh to the machine from another computer, and keep an eye on it with the command
"free -h" 
I'd also be able to do a "sudo reboot now" if needed from here.

Section 5

So, trying to get my --ram-usage command recognised, I tried this line (added quotes):
python ArmoryQt.py --ram-usage="4" --satoshi-datadir=/BlockChain/chain20180414/blocks --datadir=/ArmoryDataDi --dbdir=/ArmoryDataDidatabases 
But no, same error...
Loading Armory Engine: Armory Version: 0.96.4 Armory Build: None PyBtcWallet Version: 1.35 Detected Operating system: Linux OS Variant : ('debian', '9.4', '') User home-directory : /home/ Satoshi BTC directory : /BlockChain/chain20180414 Armory home dir : /ArmoryDataDi ArmoryDB directory : /ArmoryDataDidatabases Armory settings file : /ArmoryDataDiArmorySettings.txt Armory log file : /ArmoryDataDiarmorylog.txt Do wallet checking : True (ERROR) ArmoryUtils.py:3723 - Unsupported language specified. Defaulting to English (en) (ERROR) ArmoryQt.py:1833 - Failed to start Armory database: cannot concatenate 'str' and 'int' objects Traceback (most recent call last): File "ArmoryQt.py", line 1808, in startArmoryDBIfNecessary TheSDM.spawnDB(str(ARMORY_HOME_DIR), TheBDM.armoryDBDir) File "/BitcoinArmory/SDM.py", line 387, in spawnDB pargs.append('--ram-usage=' + ARMORY_RAM_USAGE) TypeError: cannot concatenate 'str' and 'int' objects 

Section 6

So, I edit the Armory python file SDM.py:
if ARMORY_RAM_USAGE != -1: pargs.append('--ram-usage=4') #COMMENTED THIS, SO I CAN HARDCODE =4 # ' + ARMORY_RAM_USAGE) 
Running it, I now have acknowledgement of the --ram-usage=4:
(WARNING) SDM.py:400 - Spawning DB with command: /BitcoinArmory/ArmoryDB --db-type="DB_FULL" --cookie --satoshi-datadir="/BlockChain/chain20180414/blocks" --datadir="/ArmoryDataDi" --dbdir="/ArmoryDataDidatabases" --ram-usage=4 
Also, even with ram-usage=4, it used too much memory, so I told it to quit.
It took over 30 minutes to stop semi-nicely. The last thing it reported was:
ERROR - 00:25:21: (StringSockets.cpp:351) FcgiSocket::writeAndRead FcgiError: unexpected fcgi header version 
But that didn't seem to matter or corrupt the Armory Database, so I think it's ok.
So, I get brave and change SDM.py as below, and I make sure my script has a command line for --ram-usage="ABCDE" and --thread-count="FGHIJ"; the logic being that these strings "ABCDE" will pass the IF criteria below, and my hardcoded values will be used...
if ARMORY_RAM_USAGE != -1: pargs.append('--ram-usage=1') #COMMENTED THIS, SO I CAN HARDCODE =1 # ' + ARMORY_RAM_USAGE) if ARMORY_THREAD_COUNT != -1 pargs.append('--thread-count=1') #COMMENTED THIS, SO I CAN HARDCODE =1 #' + ARMORY_THREAD_COUNT) 
So, as usual, I use my script and start this with: ./StartArm.sh
(which uses command line:)
python ArmoryQt.py --ram-usage="ABCDE" --thread-count="FGHIJ" --satoshi-datadir=/BlockChain/chain20180414/blocks --datadir=/ArmoryDataDi --dbdir=/ArmoryDataDidatabases 
(this forces it to use my hard-coded values in SDM.py...)
So, this is the command which it reports that it starts with:
(WARNING) SDM.py:400 - Spawning DB with command: /BitcoinArmory/ArmoryDB --db-type="DB_FULL" --cookie --satoshi-datadir="/BlockChain/chain20180414/blocks" --datadir="/ArmoryDataDi" --dbdir="/ArmoryDataDidatabases" --ram-usage=1 --thread-count=1 
Again, this is where it gets dangerous; Armory can gobble so much memory and CPU that the windowing environment can cease up. So I ssh to the machine and keep an eye on it with:
"free -h" 

Section 7

So, on the Debian Desktop PC, I inserted the USB stick with the watch-only wallet I exported from the Pi.
Start Armory...
Import "Entire Wallet File" watch-only copy.
Wait 4 hours..
YAY!!!
After running Armory for about 30m, the memory usage dropped by 400m... wierd...
It took ~2 hours to get 40% completion.
After 3.5 hours it's almost there...
The memory went up to about 1.7Gb in use and 900Mb of Swap, but the machine remained fairly responsive throughout, apart from a few (10?) periods at the start, where it appeared to freeze for 10-30s at a time.
(That's where my ssh session came in handy - I could check the machine was still ok with a "free -h" command)
Now, I can:
Create an unsigned transaction on my Desktop,
Save the tx to USB stick,
Move to the Pi,
Sign the tx,
Move back to the Desktop,
Broadcast the signed tx.

Section 8

My initial Mistake:
This caused me to have to roll-back my Armory database, using the backup. so you should try to avoid doing this..
On the Pi, I exported only the ROOT data, which will NOT capture the watching-only part of the Private Key
It is RECOMMENDED to use the Digital Export of Entire Wallet File from the Pi when making a watch-only copy. If you just export just the "ROOT data", not the "Entire Wallet File", you'll have problems if you used an imported Private Key in the offline wallet, like I did.
Using the ROOT data text import, after it finished... my balance was zero. So,. I tried a Help->Rescan Balance (Restart Armory, takes 1minute to get back up and running) No Luck. Still zero balance.
So, I try Rescan Databases.. This will take longer. Nah.. no luck.
So, I tried again, thinking it might be to do with the fact that I imported the text "root data" stuff, instead of following the (Recommended) export of watching-wallet file.
So, I used my Armory backup, and wound back the ArmoryDataDi to the point before the install of the (zero balance) wallet. (you should not need to do this, as you will hopefully use the RECOMMENDED approach of exporting the "Entire Wallet File"!)
submitted by fartinator to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

[Guide] Python-Trezor on cold offline Raspberry Pi

I am happy to report that the python-trezor command line scripts work successfully on a Piper which is really a Raspberry Pi running Debian wheezy.
This does require you to connect your Piper online initially, so I recommend buying a new 4GB SD card and flashing the piper firmware if you have already used piper to generate cold offline keys. You'll need this for the hexagonal screws and this for the wiring
You can download the latest firmware ISO here and here is how you burn the image
From there I did sudo apt-get update and installed the Trezor dependencies including cython, libusb, python-trezor, cython-hidapi, trezor-common and ran sudo python setup.py build/install as per these 2 guides edit : and pip install trezor as per stickac (I have not yet tried the electrum 2 beta parts of the guides, as I don't require cold offline electrum 2)
https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=122438.msg9262821#msg9262821
http://www.reddit.com/TREZOcomments/2jp9uk/tutorial_install_electrum_20_beta_with_trezo
This still does not install the english wordlist which you will need to do manually.
Edit : Adding BIP39 library should also install english.txt
You might also want to download my hidden passphrase/PIN entry python-trezor fork
Lastly I needed to unplug the USB mouse from my keyboard hub, in order to provide Trezor with adequate power.
Confirm that everything is working
./cmdtr.py list
./helloworld.py
Pull out the Ethernet cable, and never plug it back in (without first wiping the SD card)
Congratulations you can now initialize and restore Trezor - in a fully cold offline environment - and if you wish, provide your own entropy
Expert tips :
Delete your shell history
semi-securely delete files off SD flash
Version 2 :
I have added support for the latest electrum 2.0 beta, trezor support and btchip support
Update to the newest github versions
navigate to /python-trezor and git pull navigate to /python-mnemonic and git pull
Update libraries
sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get upgrade sudo apt-get install -f 
Install dependencies
sudo apt-get install python-qt4 python-dev pyqt-dev-tools python-pip sudo apt-get install python-usb libusb-dev sudo pip install --upgrade pyusb 
Install btchip support
mkdir btchip cd btchip get https://hardwarewallet.com/zip/add_btchip_driver.sh sudo bash add_btchip_driver.sh git clone https://github.com/btchip/btchip-python cd btchip-python sudo python setup.py install 
Tests
cd samples python getFirmwareVersion.py cd ../btchip python btchipPersoWizard.py 
btchipPersoWizard.py should bring up a GUI setup wizard if core.usb is setup properly
cd ../.. git clone https://github.com/btchip/btchip-c-api.git cd btchip-c-api mkdir bin make cd bin ./btchip_getFirmwareVersion 
Install electrum 2.0 Beta
git clone https://github.com/spesmilo/electrum cd electrum sudo python setup.py install pyrcc4 icons.qrc -o gui/qt/icons_rc.py python setup.py sdist --format=zip,gztar electrum 
File > New > Hardware wallet. Both Trezor and btchip work as they do on OSX, apart from the Pi's slow CPU taking ages to generate the HD tree and Sync.
Limitations
At this stage a Pi is too slow to receive btchip's 2fa OTP confirmation code, with the auto-type saturating the text buffer. I'm confident Nicholas can fix this in firmware. Edit: an ipad2 + Apple CCK is too slow to buffer the seed about 1/4 times. Edit 2: an iPhone5/retina iPad mini + Lighning to USB camera cable works with btchip with iOS 8.1 with selected text editors.
You can use btchipPersoWizard.py to restore a BIP39 mnemonic, however btchip's HW1 is unable to support on-device BIP39 seed+passphrase, but this feature might be added to the electrum plugin later.
I don't know if greenaddress CRX will work on piper, there doesn't seem to be an official armhf build available from google, and the latest sudo apt-get install chromium version is v22 whereas Chrome is at v38. (it might be possible to download https://github.com/greenaddress/WalletCrx and pack/drag-drop the extension manually in developer mode)
submitted by Aussiehash to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

Installing software outside of the package manager

Hello all.
I've recently taken an interest in Bitcoins (/bitcoins), and so I've naturally decided to try them out using Bitcoin's own bitcoin-qt wallet software. Unfortunately, debian-qt only appears to be available in the sid (unstable) repositories and I'm running wheezy (stable), so I've had to download the binaries from bitcoin.org and work it out from there.
I've pretty much got everything working, but I'm not sure if there's a preferred standard way to do what I'm doing. I have done a fair bit of research, and it has lead me to believe that /opt or /uslocal is the best place to home user installed programs.
Pretty much, the steps I've taken so far are: 1. Download the tarball from bitcoin.org. 2. Verify it to make sure it's authentic and all that jazz. 3. Extract it (which leaves me with a directory called bitcoin-0.8.6-linux). 4. Find the 64 bit binaries in bitcoin-0.8.6-linux (which are located at bitcoin-0.8.6-linux/bin/64/) and copy them to /uslocal/bin.
That's what I've done as far as installation goes. I have, of course, set up a menu in the application menu for XFCE that leads to the bitcoin-qt executable that's in /uslocal/bin, but other than that, that's all. One issue that is remaining is that in the applications menu, the application for the bitcoin wallet has no icon. Now, I know how to implement icons, but I'm not sure where the standard place for housing icons/pngs is on debian/linux systems, so I haven't bothered yet.
So, my main question is: have I done this right? Is this the standard way to do things, as far as installing outside of the package manager goes?
All of the software I have previously installed has been through the package manager, so this is new territory to me. I'd love to hear your advice -- thank you for reading. :)
submitted by Mint_Apple_Pie to debian [link] [comments]

How To Setting IP Address Debian on Virtualbox

D. Installing and Running Bitcoin Core make install After that, you will be able to run Bitcoin Core by typing: bitcoind (the text based backend) bitcoin-qt (the graphical frontend) bitcoin-cli (the command-line client) E. Extra. Some useful command lines : To start bitcoin server as daemon : bitcoind -daemon To get a list of accounts on the Installing and Running Bitcoin Core make install. After that, you will be able to run Bitcoin Core by typing: bitcoind (the text based backend) bitcoin-qt (the graphical frontend) bitcoin-cli (the command-line client) Extra. Some useful command lines : To start bitcoin server as daemon : bitcoind -daemon. To get a list of accounts on the system : Packages are mode” to build Bitcoin Core without wallet. Necessery file.01/11/15--10:32:9 Jul 2018 bitcoin qt debian install For demonstration purposes, I will use the Machinekit Debian bitcoin open source alternative Stretch image as a base. Total number processed:Matt LaPaglia, MCSD How to install bitcoin on debian wheezy amd64 – GEEKLAB. This tutorial explains how to install and use Bitcoin Core on Debian Linux. Bitcoin Core is the official Bitcoin Wallet from bitcoin.org. I will use the latest version from the GIT repository at bitcoin.org. In order to compile and run, Bitcoin Core depends on some other tools which must be installed prior to compiling : Install some dependencies: The howto I found here does not work for me ..Raspberry Debian jessie bitcoin wallet direct buy news 2018 Free bitcoins for visiting websites Debian bitcoin qt debian install install bitcoin wallet Dinheiro 2018 bitcoin Хочу установить демон Bitcoin, но не очень понимаю как Общие Bitcoin qt server

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How To Setting IP Address Debian on Virtualbox

How To Setting IP Address Debian on Virtualbox debian debian 9 debian linux debian 9.2 debian 9 xfce debian install debian 9 kde debian 9.1 debian xfce debian noroot debian vs ubuntu debian apt ...

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